BEST OF EGYPT - 6 Days

Cairo is the capital of Egypt and, with a total population in excess of 16 million people, one of the largest cities in both Africa and the Middle East (the regions which it conveniently straddles). It is also the 19th largest city in the world, and among the world’s most densely populated cities. On the Nile river, Cairo is famous for its own history, preserved in the fabulous medieval Islamic city and Coptic sites in Old Cairo. The Egyptian Museum in the centre of town is a must see, with its countless Acient Egyptian artefacts, as is shopping at the Khan al-Khalili bazaar. No trip to Cairo would be complete, for example, without a visit to the Giza Pyramids, and to the nearby Saqqara Pyramid Complex, where visitors will see Egypt’s first step pyramid built by the architect Imhotep for the third dynasty Pharaoh, Djoser.
Though firmly attached to the past, Cairo is also home to a vibrant modern society. The Midan Tahrir area situated in downtown Cairo area, built in the 19th century under the rule of Khedive Ismail, has strived to be a “Paris on the Nile”. There also are a number of more modern suburbs including Ma’adi and Heliopolis, while Zamalek is a quiet area on Gezira Island, with upmarket shopping. Cairo is best in the fall or spring, when the weather isn’t so hot. A felucca ride on the Nile is a good way to escape from the busy city, as is a visit to Al-Azhar Park. Since the revolution in 2011, the tourists have fled Cairo to a large extent. This has created an opportunity for unique experiences of Cairo’s and Egypt’s cultural treasures without the crowds. Finding yourself alone inside a pyramid is now a real possibility. Prices are also lower.

Alexandria is Egypt’s second largest city (3.5 million people), its largest seaport and the country’s window onto the Mediterranean Sea. It’s a faded shade of its former glorious cosmopolitan self, but still worth a visit for its many cultural attractions and still-palpable glimpses of its past.
Few cities of the world have a history as rich as that of Alexandria; few cities have witnessed so many historic events and legends. Founded by Alexander the Great (Iskander al-Akbar) in 331 BC, Alexandria became the capital of Greco-Roman Egypt; its status as a beacon of culture is symbolized by Pharos, the legendry lighthouse that was one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
The Lighthouse of Alexandria (Pharos) was built in the third century BC by Ptolemy I on the island of Pharos. The height of the lighthouse was between 115 and 150 meters, so it was among the highest structures in the world, second only to the Great Pyramids. The lighthouse was built on 3 floors: a square bottom with a central heart, a section octagonal average and above an upper section. And on the top there was a mirror that reflected sunlight during the day and used fire for the night. But it was damaged by 2 earthquakes in 1303 and 1323.
The Library of Alexandria was the largest library of the ancient world and the place where great philosophers and scientists of that age came to seek knowledge. Alexandria also hosted, at the time, the largest Jewish community in the world, and the Septuagint, the first Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible, was written in the city.
In all, Alexandria was one of the greatest cities in the Hellenic world, second only to Rome in size and wealth, and while it changed hands from Rome to Byzantine and finally Persia, the city stayed the capital of Egypt for a millennium.
Alas, the city’s reign came to an end when the Arabs conquered Egypt in 641 and decided to found a new capital to the south in Cairo. (Scholars still debate if this was when the Library was finally destroyed; it is known that the Library was, at the very least, sacked and badly damaged by the Romans themselves in 48 BC, c. 270, and once more in 391.)
Alexandria survived as a trading port; Marco Polo described it around 1300 as one of the world’s two busiest ports, along with Quanzhou. However, its strategic location meant that every army on its way to Egypt passed through: Napoleon’s troops stormed the city in 1798, but the British conquered it in the Siege of Alexandria in 1801. The Egyptians under Mohammed Ali took control of the city and rebuilt it, but the Orabi Rebellion in 1881 and massacres of Europeans in the city led the British to strike back and hammer the rebels with the three-day Bombardment of Alexandria, reducing much of the city center to rubble.
Once again, Alexandria rose from the ashes. Its cosmopolitan and decadent lifestyle before and during World War II gave birth to its greatest poet, Constantine P. Cavafy, and was chronicled in Laurence Durrell’s Alexandria Quartet and a series of works by E. M. Forster including Alexandria: A History and Guide (1922), described by some as the best travel guide ever written.
Yet this world, too, took a shattering blow in the 1950s when Egypt’s new fiercely nationalist leader Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalized vast swathes of the economy and forbade foreigners from owning or running companies, effectively forcing tens of thousands of foreigners out of the country, including virtually all of Alexandria’s once 150,000-strong Greek community.
Today’s Alexandria is a dusty seaside Egyptian town with an over-inflated population of 5 million, yet its status as Egypt’s leading port keeps business humming, and tourists still flock to the beaches in the summertime. And while much of the city is badly in need of a lick of paint, history both ancient and modern is everywhere if you peer closely enough: the French-style parks and the occasional French street sign survive as a legacy of Napoleon, one of Alexandria’s many conquerors, and the few remaining Greek restaurants and cafés still dominate the cultural scene.

Luxor the name of “Luxor” means “Palaces” and it is the premier travel destination in Upper (southern) Egypt and the Nile Valley. The dynastic and religious capital of Middle Kingdom and New Kingdom Egypt, Luxor has much for travellers to enjoy: vast temples, ancient royal tombs, spectacular desert and river scenery and a bustling modern life. The old capital of Egypt, Thebes, was on the West bank of the Nile. That is where most of the ruins and tombs are.

The modern city of Luxor is on the East bank. That area has the train and bus stations, most of the hotels and restaurants, some museums, tourist shops and so on. Most visitors (and almost all tour groups) stay on the East bank and travel across for the tourist sites but, in recent years, there has been an increase in hotels on the West bank and many independent travellers stay there.

Day 1
DAY 01: ARRIVAL TO CAIRO

After arrival at Cairo International Airport, meet and greet with our local representative. After transfer & check-in to hotel, refresh yourself. Evening free time for leisure. Overnight stay at Cairo.

Day 2
DAY 02: PYRAMID TOUR WITH EGYPTIAN MUSEUMS

After breakfast, you will proceed for visit the Egyptian Museum, which features artifacts from the Pharaonic period. After that, proceed to visit the Great Sphinx, the head of a pharaoh with a lion’s body. After that transfer to Memphis which was founded by King Menes, and was the capital of Old Egypt during the Old Kingdom. Overnight stay at Cairo.

Day 3
DAY 03: ALEXANDRIA TOUR

After breakfast, you will proceed for a day trip to Alexandria. Here you will visit: Alexandria Library, Alexandria Lighthouse, Royal Gardens of King Farouk, the Abbo Elabbas Mosque, church of St. Mark – the oldest church in Africa, city of Alexandria from the sea side with a Stop over the famous bridge of Stanley, Back to Hotel and Overnight stay at Cairo Hotel.

Day 4
DAY 04: LUXOR EAST BANK

After breakfast. Transfer to the domestic airport to take your flight to Luxor. Then start your day tour to the east bank of Luxor where you will be accompanied by Private English Egyptologist guide to visit the Karnak Temples, the greatest example of worship in history and was dedicated to the God Amon, his wife Mut and their son Khonsu. It was constructed from the beginning of the Middle Kingdom to the Graeco Roman Kingdom.

Then move to Luxor Temple. It was built by Amunhotep III in 18th Dynasty in the New Kingdom and it was completed by Ramesses II during the 19th Dynasty.King Ramses II was the most famous king in the 19th Dynasty. He ruled Egypt for about 67 years.

It was dedicated to the great god Amun-Ra, his wife Mut and their son Khonsu together representing the Theban triad. Enjoy visiting Obelisk of Ramses II in front of the 1st Pylon. Back to hotel. Overnight in Luxor.

Day 5
DAY 05: LUXOR WEST BANK

Breakfast.

(Optional) Hot Balloon: Should you want to make your stay in Luxor an unforgettable. Drifting peacefully over the Valley of King, Valley of the Queens and the Mountain on the Nobles.
The flight is approximately 30:45 minutes depend on the weather

Our guide will pick you up from your hotel in Luxor to discover the West bank of Luxor. First, visit Valley of the Kings, the magnificence of the grandeur of architecture which was used for burial, there are many kings buried in this valley. The most known tombs are King Tutmosis I, Tutmosis III, Tut-Ankh-Amon, King Ramssess VI, King Mrenptah and AmonhotepII.

Then Continue to the Temple of Queen Hatshipsut, which was built by Queen Hatshepsut, daughter of Thutmosis I, who ruled Egypt about 20 years during the 18th Dynasty (1490–1469 B.C). the only pharaonic woman who reigned ancient Egypt.

Later you will get to see the colossi of Memnon.

Transfer to the domestic airport to take your flight to Cairo. Arrival & transfer to your hotel. Overnight in Cairo.

Day 6
DAY 06: RETURN JOURNEY

After breakfast, check-out from the hotel and our representative will transfer you to the airport and assist you at the airport through final departure formalities. Then you catch your return flight towards your destination with a lot of sweet memories of this holiday trip.

INCLUSIONS

  • 4 Nights hotel accommodation in Cairo on bed and breakfast basis
  • 1 Night hotel accommodation in Luxor on bed and breakfast basis
  • 1 Day tour in Cairo visiting Egyptian Museum & Pyramids
  • 1 Day tour in Luxor visiting East Bank
  • 1 Day tour in Luxor visiting West Bank
  • 1 Day tour in Alexandria
  • All transfers
  • All your tours and excursions are with A/C vehicle
  • The service of meet and assist at all your destinations
  • Expert tour guide
  • All your visits include entrance fees
  • Our prices include all taxes and services
  • Domestic flights: Cairo / Luxor / Cairo
  • Transfer by an A/C vehicle: Cairo / Alexandria / Cairo

EXCLUSIONS

  • International Airfare.
  • Lunch & Dinner.
  • Egypt entry visa.
  • Any entrance fee & camera charge except sightseeing plan said in itinerary's entrance fees.
  • Hot Air Balloon Ride.
  • Drinks and any personal expenses.
  • Tipping.

Trip Facts

  • LEISURE
  • 02 PERSON
  • NO
  • DELUXE DOUBLE ROOM (TWIN SHARING BASIS) IN 03 STAR HOTELS
  • BREAKFAST
  • YES
  • YES
  • RESERVED PRIVATE AC CAR
  • YES
  • NO
  • N/A
  • NO